Seminar: 23 October, 2016, kl. 12–16 på Litteraturhuset
Taking off of from interpretative mapping the project focuses on governmental strategies for landscape changes in Sápmi and the Fennoscandian Shield, indigenous rights and knowledges, and the ecocultural footprint of extractive industries.
This project evaluates urbanism associated with on-going transformation of road infrastructure in Nairobi.
At present the Circumpolar North provides a unique laboratory for studying future landscapes of production, infrastructure, excavation, and environmental change.
This research project explores the potential of a more active role for the architect as a mediator and a key agent in shaping the future, and study innovations in urban practice. How may urbanists and architects contribute to a sustainable future for our cities by operating intelligently in the space between grassroots initiatives and top-down approaches?
A study of low income housing study in Nairobi and how it fits into its urban formation.
The thesis will study how relocations and movement patterns of programs moving from the inner city parts are manifested in a new peri- urban context of the Oslo Region.
Cities are subject to change: demographies shift, transport patterns transform, and both in the core of cities, as well as in the periphery, the structural transformations of retail and public urban space produce entirely new, but also partly recycled, forms of urbanity. The projects studies these emerging forms as urban design and proposes ways in which architecture and urban design can respond to what is often perceived as disruptive and negative developments outside the influence of regular urban management.
Assessing Socioecological Transformations in the Postindustrial Metropolis. This cross-disciplinary project seeks to find new methods of research and develop the way we understand change and injustice in the city. A chief aim of the project is to develop new tools and methods to gain this understanding, based on a cross disciplinary and collaborative approach.
Improving the decision-support relevance for municipal planning and policy.
In the endeavor to create an urban environment that is perceived as appealing by the established and culturally oriented middle class, earlier successes are unscrupulously copied: A prominent cultural building signed by a star architect, a promenade for sophisticated walk and a couple of delicious restaurants and cafes. The result is a kind of Zombie Urbanism where standardized perceptions dominate.
As restructuring element in peri-urban areas of the Oslo Region.
Investigating place-specific urbanism for sustainable communities in the Arctic.
Although there are many urban transformation efforts in housing, urban renewal and infrastructure projects, Addis Ababa’s urban structure is not well studied with appropriate tools.
The “Urbanization of Rural China” research framework is a system of empirical case studies of the development of villages and village-systems done by PhD students from AHO and CAFA. Chinese villages are being demolished or gentrified as a part of large-scale rural policies. The politically expressed intention is to bring wealth to the countryside and bridge the huge economic gap between urban and rural. These actions should also been seen in relation to future strategies for redistribution of ownership of land and possible industrialization of Chinese agriculture.
The thesis’ focus is on an empirical study of Tjuvholmen, a large land reclaiming project and urban design scheme at the Oslo harbor front, whose completion in 2014 is representing the preliminary conclusion of an era of urban planning and an organization of urban management in Oslo introduced by the initiation of “Aker Brygge” in the early 1980s. While “the entrepreneurial city” (Hall & Hubbard 1998) and its resulting “packaged landscapes”(Harvey 1989) have been thoroughly addressed in the context of the current planning paradigm found in the Oslo region, and “project driven urban planning” have been analyzed as a municipal development strategy, the spatial outcome of these projects are more crudely approached.
How can larger logics of the territory inform of regional productivity, a process of mitigation the disturbances, and rediscover regional identity?
Chinese urbanization gained speed three decades ago and the momentum is continuing. After years of huge amounts of constructions and migration, a new strategy that places more emphasis on small and medium sized cities and towns is introduced by the central government. Within this blue print, future urbanization in small places is planned to account for up to half of the total urbanization volume. My research is about the urbanization process in the smallest urban form: the township and villages. In order to achieve this objective, I pick one specific place as the site for a case study in this empirical research.
Learning Flexibility: Complexity, Innovation & Inter-Urban Knowledge Transfer
The area of the former industrial harbour Bjørvika, in Oslo, is currently redeveloped following a cultural planning strategy. As part of the policy, culture is stipulated access and funding during the construction phase and the stakeholders, Bjørvika Development A/S, have devised a public art strategy, thus committing to invest 1% of Bjørvika’s infrastructure budget into public art. Although art is clearly stated to have a value in itself, the strategy also marks area in which art is expected to contribute. Those are diversity, local identity and civic co-ownership. In other words the public art of Bjørvika is not solemnly attributed an autonomous status, but is stated a role in the urban redevelopment of Bjørvika closely linked to other professions attempts to reintegrate the former harbor into the urban fabric of Oslo. Art is here less formulated as a mean to embellish the city, but rather a practice that can activate social spaces. However, many of the artists involved represent art practices working from a social and/or political basis and are themselves critical to autonomy, searching for art’s usefulness in a social context.
This dissertation is a part of Future North, and maps and investigates existing and potential vitality of remote Arctic communities, with fieldwork to be completed in the Barents region, and in particular in the Varangerfjord Region (Vardø, Kirkenes) of the Kingdom of Norway, and in the Murmansk Oblast of the Russian Federation (Murmansk, Nikel).
Only eight percent or less of variation in housing prices is accounted for by macroeconomic factors, the rest is local variations (Glaeser et al. 2014). These local variations depends to a great extent on the location of housing within the market, in our case urban Oslo. Efforts to differentiate what attributes of location that accounts for the variation, so far, has had little connection to architecturally based descriptions of location (Law et al. 2013). Either with too little precision or with too little care to the built form. With developments in the field of GIS we can specify much more in detail how the location of each dwelling differs from each other and so we can look for patterns in the relationships between the attributes of location and housing prices. These relationships can tell us what people find attractive, and are willing to pay for. The research handles two issues; what attributes of location are affecting housing prices in Oslo and how this relationship affects housing affordability. To investigate the first issue, we look for revealed preferences and set up a hedonic price model, with independent variables measured with care to urban form and architecturally based descriptions of location. This gives us a correlation, but not necessarily a causality. We will look for causality in changes in attributes of location over time through a case study over development projects in Oslo. To investigate the second issue, we read our empirical results through the lens of a theoretical framework around location theory and housing economics.
Seminar: 23 October, 2016, kl. 12–16 på Litteraturhuset
The Oslo Centre for Urban and Landscape Studies is located at the Institute of Urbanism and Landscape, AHO